متن کامل سخنرانی مهندس نوری در کنفرانس COP12


Statement by
 H. E. Mr.Gholamreza Nouri Ghezeljeh, Member of Islamic Consultative Parliament of I. R. of IRAN


Statement by
 H. E. Mr.Gholamreza Nouri Ghezeljeh, Member of Islamic Consultative Parliament of I. R. of IRAN
High Level Segment - Round Table for Parliamentarians
 The twelfth session of the Conference of the Parties
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
 Ankara, Turkey, 20 October 2015

In the name of god

Mrs. President,
Excellencies,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

First of all, I would like to thank you for the opportunity to address this important gathering. I also give my sincere appreciations to the secretariat of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification for all the arrangements made to organize the twelfth session of the Conference of the Parties of UNCCD in Ankara hosted by the Government of Turkey.
The land degradation neutrality (LDN) as part of the Post-2015 development agenda further emphasize the rehabilitation of lands prone to land degradation and erosion through sustainable subsistence of communities.

The I. R. of Iran has undertaken extensive measures aimed at land conversation within the past five decades in the framework of reclamation and development of natural resources that in addition to soil conservation in hot spots of the country, has contributed to wind erosion control, sand dune fixation, range management and mobilization of local communities and eventually plantation of more than 2 million half of dry-land forests.
In addition, in recent years extensive actions have been undertaken at all levels to implement the Convention including adoption of national strategies for desertification control based on National Action Program (NAP) parallel to streamlining NAP in strategic documents including the fifth Five-Year Socio- Economic and Cultural Development Program of I. R. of Iran and the formulation of the subsequent sixth development program.

Actions so far taken at national level in the field of policy making and planning in line with the Convention indicate the national will of I. R. of Iran to achieve the objectives of UNCCD that can be summarized as follows:
- Adoption of national policies for desertification control;
- Revision of agricultural policies in dry areas;
- Synergies among Rio Conventions at national level;
- Development of laws pertaining to conservation of lands and prevention of land use change;
- The laws urging environmental evaluation as a pre requisite before implementing any project.
-    Development of renewable energies policies;

- Formulation of criteria and indicators for dry land management;
- Formulation of directive on adaptation to drought;
- Formulation of productivity enhancement law for agriculture and natural resource management.
Ladies and Gentlemen,

The study of the effect of climate changes on nature and human systems all over the continents and oceans indicates that no one could remain unaffected by the climate changes. On the basis of reliable reports, global warming is going to severely threaten the health of society and agricultural products, and there will be more instances of drought like the one seen in Russia.
There is the possibility that we might face a considerable increase in temperature, possibly going up from 3 to 4.8 degrees. Some 200 countries have agreed to try to decrease the temperature, yet it is no easy task. It is quite demanding to implement most of the plans to control climate changes effectively and thus it is essential that systematic plans be made for this purpose.
The inter-governmental report on climate changes recommend that governments should not wait for great climate agreements, and that they should prepare themselves for major climate changes. For instance, Britain has to know that there will be several more instance of floods to come like that of the winter this year. That is to say countries have to be well prepared for the new conditions.  
Since the Dinosaur age, the climate changes have never been so severe. The climate had actually undergone changes between the two Ice ages. The weather used to be a lot warmer in the past. However, the findings seem to indicate that the rate at which climate is changing has never been so fast, and severely as it is now. This is another indication why this issue is actually so significant.
In comparison to one hundred years ago when the climate situation was totally different from that of today, we have to make major changes in our behavior pattern. Actually, change is an element we have to be ready for under any circumstances at any time. Thus, the issue might not really be as hard and challenging as it seems after all.

One of the possible solutions to manage the climate changes or to adapt to them could be through improving/repairing damaged earth. The destruction of earth, and the resulting decrease in the quality and capacity of the production of soil in accordance with climatic changes, human activities like deforestation, non-steady farming and agriculture, and excessive mining, have quickly become major challenges of the twenty first century. And now over two billion hectares of the residential areas of the planet, that is an area bigger than South America is being destroyed at an alarming rate. 500 million hectares agricultural land out of this area have been left unattended to.  
With the expected nine and half billion population of the world by the year two thousand and fifty, the erosion of land, population demands, and the climate changes will increasingly squeeze our natural resources. The wheat farms are vanishing at an alarmingly fast rate. With the destruction of over fifty two percent of agricultural lands, that is over 12 million hectares, it is expected that there will be increasing demands for very important sources of production of food, fuel, fiber and water.
When the earth is not functioning as a producer the forests begin to vanish. When agricultural lands are destroyed, the producers look for replacements in the virgin areas, and this in turn results in tragic consequences like deforestation or the production of excess amounts of greenhouse gases.
Repairing the earth to its former shape and health is essential for climate, because the earth is the natural essential resource, and basis of living and nutrition of billions of world population. The soil and earth play a key role in bringing into focus the economical inequalities, the maintenance of biological diversity and fighting against climate changes.
The earth can be made into a valuable possession of ours through using inventive and imaginative agricultural methods, and thus the local societies can be helped financially to develop socially and to protect the natural environment. Another advantage resulting from repairing the damaged land, apart from the production, is to create income for the consistent use of the land, and protecting vital ecosystem. This could significantly reduce the production of gases as a result of mismanagement of the earth, and could lead to improvement of food energy and water security.
About a quarter of the production of the world’s greenhouse gases has been caused by farming or deforesting or making other uses of virgin land.it is obvious that the erosion of the earth has to be considered as an immediate and serious matter. The UN recognizes this as the steady development goal.
.the global mechanism of the UN convention to fight creation of desert, and to meet this challenge will be the LDN or the fund for repair of the damaged land.
This fund provides for the investors through reinvigorating the earth and creating income for them, and thus protects the steady production. And, through encouraging practical solutions and promoting steady business this fund is run privately.
The GM understands that public methods are not adequate on their own in preventing the increasing destruction of the earth, and that its only through the participation and close cooperation of the private sector that steady business models could be precipitated and become sufficient.      
 The global fund of repairing damaged earth should support the steady and productive use of the repaired earth through private and governmental investments, and by provision of long term financing and technical support as well as rehabilitating large-scale projects. 
The fund must employ a balanced approach which involves all sectors
, including steady farming, steady cattle management, farming jungle, steady forest protection, renewable/recyclable energy, development of infrastructure, tourism in EKO members, etc. the key beneficial considerations for private investors should be targeted at the average market output. More importantly, it has to be set as the prime goal to transform the hidden potential of the earth to productive possessions,  and to support the land owners, and farmers in order to create or develop beneficial and steady business models on pieces of land which had either been destroyed or left unattended and therefore had a poor performance.

Other measures:
The capital management toward repairing damaged earth and prevention of desert creation
CO2 reduction of climate changes through stopping the dissemination/ production of Green House gases
Enhancing the flexibility of vulnerable population to enable them to adapt to climate changes
Enhancing the boon of farming land (through improving the irrigation systems, and the use of productive figures in farming in order to prevent the destruction of the earth)
Enforcing limiting laws in changing the use of lands
The use of mass media and other media to enhance public knowledge regarding the significance of recyclable natural resources and the dangers ensuing the advancement of deserts.
Precipitating the trend of socio – economical development in rural areas to stem the tide of the emigration of land and cattle farmers to urban areas
Protecting the environment and stabilizing it
Industrial development through using environment –friendly technology
Stabilization of sand dune to reduce its negative effects on the agricultural lands, residential areas, roads and other infrastructural buildings which are economically important
Encouragement of public participation in different stages of decision making and implementation of plans.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
The significance of this issue is also underscored by the supreme leader of the I.R.I. who convened a specific meeting for all the managers in natural resources and environmental issues to discuss and emphasis these important topics.
Madam President
Ladies and Gentlemen
However, we have all our offers, including:
-    The need to promoting regional cooperation among neighboring countries with similar climatic Challenges. 
-    Emphasis on increasing the participation of population and NGOs.
-    Create an investment fund to combat desertification and restoration of degraded lands.
 We insist and hope in the drafting of the final statement be considered.

Mrs. President,
Excellencies,
Finally, I would like to give my thanks again to all participants again and wish them every success in forming the bright common future for all human being.
Thank you

ارسال مطلب: 1394/08/03

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